Montessori Method

Montessori education

Montessori education: is an approach developed by Italian physician and educator and characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child's natural physical, and social development. Montessori education is practiced in an estimated 7,000 schools worldwide, serving children from birth to eighteen years old.

Some important features of Montessori Method:

  1. Mixed age classrooms, with classrooms for children aged 2½ or 3 to 6 years old by far the most common
  2. Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options
  3. Un-interrupted blocks of work time, ideally three hours
  4. A "discovery" model, where students learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct instruction
  5. Specialized educational materials developed by Montessori and her collaborators
  6. Freedom of movement within the classroom

A trained Montessori teacher

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori began to develop her philosophy and methods in 1897, attending courses in pedagogy at the University of Rome and reading the educational theory of the previous two hundred years. In 1907, she opened her first classroom, the Casa dei Bambini, or Children's House, in a tenement building in Rome.From the beginning, Montessori based her work on her observations of children and experimentation with the environment, materials, and lessons available to them. She frequently referred to her work as "scientific pedagogy". Montessori education spread in 1911 and became widely known in education and popular publications. Montessori education introduced in United States in 1960 and has since spread to thousands of schools there. Montessori continued to extend her work during her lifetime, developing a comprehensive model of psychological development from birth to age 24, as well as educational approaches for children ages 0 to 3, 3 to 6, and 6 to 12. She wrote and lectured about ages 12 to 18 and beyond, but these programs were not developed during her lifetime